Partition Of India : In memory of 1947

  Partition Of India

In memories of year 1947, Partition of India remains outlined always. The Struggle for independence against the British lasted for 90 long years. These years saw many rebellions, both small and large. The Indian National Congress played a crucial role in the freedom struggle, but the British authorities favoured the Muslim league. Eventually, the League demanded for a separate state and India was divided. 


Reasons behind the Partition

World War-II fuelled a break in the relation between the British, Indian National Congress and Muslim league, as Britain expected India to be a part of the War and help by providing soldiers. However, the Congress opposed this as they saw no benefit for India to be part of the war. The Muslim League supported Britain because they wanted Britain's support in the creation of a Muslim nation for post-independent India. 

Appeal for a Unified India

Just before the end of World War, Winston Churchill lost the election and the Labour Party came into power. They supported India's call for an independent nation. Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah campaigned for a separate Muslim state even as Jawaharlal Nehru asked for a Unified India along with Gandhi. There was growing discontent between the Congress party and the Muslim League- the latter had always strived to get more power for India. India's last British viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, had been given the duty to draw up the roadmap towards Britain's withdrawal from India. Nehru did not want to create two countries out of India and was against the partition, but finally accepted Mountbatten and the Muslim league's plan to divide India.

India Granted Independence

In February 1947, Britain announced that India would be given freedom by June 1948. Indian Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten asked for a unified India and requested the Hindus and Muslims to agree to the formation of such a country, Mountbatten agreed to form two separate states and changed the date to 15 August, 1947.

Freedom at Midnight

The speech on "Tryst with Destiny" was delivered by Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India's first prime minister in the Indian Constituent Assembly on the eve of India's independence during midnight on 14th August 1947. It is considered as one of the greatest speeches at it captured the essence of India's freedom struggle, which, despite certain violent incidents, remained largely peaceful and non-violent against the British Empire in India. 

Independence Day

At 11:57 pm on the 14th of August, 1947, Pakistan was declared as a separate nation. Even today, this day is celebrated as Independence Day in Pakistan. About five minutes later, at 12:02, India was granted her freedom. It was a memorable moment that came after over an almost 100-year-long struggle for freedom against the British rule. It took many rebellions and the sacrifice of many brave lives, but India was finally a free country as well as Independent nation. 

Partition of India Timeline :

  • 1885 - Indian National Congress formed. 
  • 1905 - The Partition of Bengal took place. 
  • 1906 - Formation of Muslim league. 
  • 1914-18 - World War-I took place. 
  • 1921-22- Gandhi launched Civil-                                       disobedience movement. 
  • 1930 - Gandhi launched Dandi March ( Salt                        Satyagraha). 
  • 1939-45 - World War-II took place. 
  • 1942 - Quit India Movement
  • 1945: World War II ends and the Labour                   Party, which is sympathetic to India's             call for independence, forms the                     government.
  • 1946: Gandhi-Jinnah talks break down;                     communal riots break out.
  • 1947: The British, Congress and Muslim                   League agree to Partition and                           Independence.
  • 15 August 1947: Independence. Communal               riots claim hundreds of thousands                   in the Partition riots.

Though, India got its Independence on the midnight of 14-15 August, 1947. India awoke to freedom at midnight hour and the Constituent Assembly began its sitting at 11 pm with the singing of Vande Mataram by Sucheta Kriplani.

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